Home > Species > Formica lugubris: The hairy northern wood ant

Formica lugubris is a species of ant in the family Formicidae and is found throughout Europe in aged coniferous forest in spots exposed to the sun, along woodland rides and in clearings where it constructs conical nests out of millions of conifer needles that reach a height upwards of 2 meters.

Formica lugubris is Britain's largest ant, queens reach up to 12 mm in length. It is known as the hairy northern wood ant owing to its appearance and British distribution where its range extends from the highlands of Scotland through upland areas of northern England as far south as northern Wales.

F. lugubris is included on the IUCN Red List of threatened species, where it is classified as Near Threatened. The decline of this species is due to loss of suitable woodland habitat through inappropriate woodland management, agricultural clearance, urban and industrial development and intensive afforestation.

Tags: Formica | lugubris

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